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雅思大作文解析:家用電器越來越多的利弊
2019-09-24 16:22   作者:新航道   閱讀量:

  2018年01月06日 雅思大作文題目

  In many countries, more and more people can buy a wide range of household goods like television, microwave oven and rice cooker. Is it a positive or negative development? Discuss both views and give your opinion.

  新年第一考,復現的是2013年12月12日的原題。

  家用電器的好處自不必說,可以為我們帶來方便,節約我們的時間,節約下來的時間我們可以用來學習工作,或者享受人生。

  但是家用電器越來越多也會帶來壞處,首先是我們為之花的錢也會越來越多,從而擠壓了我們的預算空間,另外,處理廢舊的家用電器也會給環境帶來污染。

  把以上幾點表達清楚,外加一個開頭引入段和一個總結段,內容足夠豐富了。參加本次考試的烤鴨,你是這樣來展開的嗎?

  引言開頭 household appliances: more positive than negative (引入及總論)

  主體A段 the advantages of household appliances (好處)

  主體B段 the disadvantages of household appliances (壞處)

  結論結尾 household appliances: more positive than negative (結論)


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  老師筆記

  01

  In a world of consumerism, home electrical and electronic appliances have become so integral to modern life that, in many ways, they are what distinguish today’s society from yesterday’s.  Household goods like television, microwave oven and rice cooker make your life so much easier and more enjoyable, but there are some disadvantages. As a whole, this kind of household goods, when properly used, can bring you more benefits than drawbacks.

  在一個消費主義的世界里,家用電器和電子電器已經成為現代生活不可或缺的組成部分,在許多方面,它們區分了當今社會與昨天社會。像電視、微波爐和電飯煲這樣的家用產品使你的生活變得更輕松愉快,但也有一些缺點??偟膩碚f,這種家庭用品,當正確使用時,給你帶來的好處多于缺點。

  解析

 ?。?)第一段引入話題,提出自己的總觀點。

 ?。?)integral 不可缺少的

 ?。?)distinguish 區分


  02

  Generally speaking, buying over a dozen household equipment intended for daily use may be beneficial to you at home, from cooking to entertainment. Your microwave oven, for instance, allows you to cook rapidly with the turn of a dial, and this convenience provides more options in your daily life than in the past. Likewise, your rice cooker can simplify the cooking process by reducing the number of steps between you and your meal at the table. Thus, the more free time you save due to having appliances, the more other things you are capable of doing at your will, including just watching television in the comfort of home after a heavy day from work.

  一般來說,購買十幾種日常用途的家用設備對你來說是有益的,從烹飪到娛樂。例如,你的微波爐可以讓你轉動表盤就能很快做飯,這種便利在日常生活中比過去提供了更多選擇。同樣,你的電飯煲可以減少飯菜上桌的步驟,從而簡化烹飪過程。因此,你因為有電器而節省的時間越多,你就能按自己意愿做更多的事情,包括辛苦工作一天后,在舒適的家里看電視。

  解析

 ?。?)第二段支持主題,說好的一面。第一句話是topic sentence。

 ?。?)option 選擇

 ?。?)likewise 同樣(=similarly)

 ?。?)be capable of... 能夠做......


  03

  However, the development of consumerism in many countries is not entirely positive. To begin with, it costs money to buy consumer equipment. Of course, cost is a disadvantage if you buy too many household gadgets and use them excessively in what is called the “throw-away” society. No doubt, the modern consumerism is also likely to have an en environmental impact, either from the production processes or the disposal of the devices ranging from kitchen devices to television sets. That is to say, the dramatic increase in the number of household goods means the problem of greater carbon dioxide emissions, apart from the problem of rising energy demands and expenses.

  然而,在許多國家,消費主義的發展并不完全是積極的。首先,購買消費設備是要花錢的。當然,在所謂的“拋棄”社會里,如果你買太多家用小玩意,而且過度使用它們,成本的確是一個不利因素。毫無疑問,現代消費主義也有可能對環境產生影響,無論是產品的生產過程還是處置從廚房設備到電視機的各種設備。也就是說,家庭用品數量的急劇增加意味著碳排放量增加,還有能源需求和消耗不斷增加的問題。

  解析

 ?。?)第三段支持主題,說不好的一面。第一句話是 topic sentence。

 ?。?)consumerism 消費主義

 ?。?)gadget 小電器設備

 ?。?)excessively 過分地

 ?。?)disposal 處理

 ?。?)dramatic 劇烈的

 ?。?)emission 排放


  04

  On balance, the development of having useful appliances at your home is more positive than negative. Despite some bad effects typical of modern consumerism, life has become so much more full of pleasure due to these devices available from the kitchen to the bedroom. Now, ask yourself if you would rather live in today’s society or yesterday’s.

  總的來說,在家里擁有有用電器的是件好事,而不是壞事。盡管現代消費主義總是有一些負面影響,但因為擁有這些從廚房到臥室的設備,生活會變得更加充滿樂趣?,F在,問問自己,你是想活在今天的社會里還是昨天的社會里。

  解析

 ?。?)第四段重申主題,利大于弊,二合為一。結論后有一句延伸的話最好。

 ?。?)on balance 總體來說


  本場考試范文

  In a world of consumerism, home electrical and electronic appliances have become so integral to modern life that, in many ways, they are what distinguish today’s society from yesterday’s.  Household goods like television, microwave oven and rice cooker make your life so much easier and more enjoyable, but there are some disadvantages. As a whole, this kind of household goods, when properly used, can bring you more benefits than drawbacks.

  Generally speaking, buying over a dozen household equipment intended for daily use may be beneficial to you at home, from cooking to entertainment. Your microwave oven, for instance, allows you to cook rapidly with the turn of a dial, and this convenience provides more options in your daily life than in the past. Likewise, your rice cooker can simplify the cooking process by reducing the number of steps between you and your meal at the table. Thus, the more free time you save due to having appliances, the more other things you are capable of doing at your will, including just watching television in the comfort of home after a heavy day from work.

  However, the development of consumerism in many countries is not entirely positive. To begin with, it costs money to buy consumer equipment. Of course, cost is a disadvantage if you buy too many household gadgets and use them excessively in what is called the “throw-away” society. No doubt, the modern consumerism is also likely to have an en environmental impact, either from the production processes or the disposal of the devices ranging from kitchen devices to television sets. That is to say, the dramatic increase in the number of household goods means the problem of greater carbon dioxide emissions, apart from the problem of rising energy demands and expenses.

  On balance, the development of having useful appliances at your home is more positive than negative. Despite some bad effects typical of modern consumerism, life has become so much more full of pleasure due to these devices available from the kitchen to the bedroom. Now, ask yourself if you would rather live in today’s society or yesterday’s.


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